Tag Archives: Zingiberaceae

2019 Herb of the Month; August, Galanga

Galangal, Alpinia spp. ● Galangal is a member of the Zingiberaceae or ginger family and is native to Southeast Asia. Alpinia galanga is referred to as greater galangal while Alpinia officinarum is referred to as lesser galangal. ● Historically, galangal has both culinary and medicinal uses. ● Galangal is a staple in Thai cooking and is sometimes called Thai or

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Herbal Formulation Is Safe and Effective in Treating Knee Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common, debilitating joint condition characterized by degeneration of cartilage. The early stages of OA feature synovial inflammation caused by sustained high levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which can be triggered by mechanical strain or age-related oxidative stress. Treatment options aim to reduce pain and improve function but do not affect disease progression. Some pharmacologic therapies, including nonsteroidal

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5 Things You Didn’t Know About Cardamom

f you have ever tasted Biryani (Indian flavored savory rice) or kheer (Indian rice pudding) or the famous Finnish pulla, you would probably identify the aroma of cardamom. The sweet and mystical spice was used by the Greeks and Romans in their perfumes and the ancient Egyptians as mouth fresheners. Even today, Cardamom (green) is one of the most expensive

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Meta-analysis Supports Short-term Efficacy of Curcuminoids and Boswellia for Symptoms of Knee Osteoarthritis

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) causes pain and loss of function. Conventional treatment of knee OA often involves the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); however, NSAIDs can cause serious gastrointestinal (GI) side effects and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Healthcare providers and patients are looking for complementary therapies that are safer than NSAIDs and other conventional pain relievers. In Ayurvedic

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Boswellia, Ginger, and Yarrow Combination Reduces Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterized by abdominal pain and alterations in bowel movements. Patients with IBS have a higher rate of depression and anxiety and have a decreased quality of life (QOL). Boswellia (Boswellia carteri, Burseraceae) gum resin has anti-inflammatory properties and antidepressant effects. Ginger (Zingiber officinale, Zingiberaceae) rhizome has antibacterial, antifungal, and antioxidant effects. Yarrow (Achillea millefolium, Asteraceae) aerial part has anxiolytic effects and

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Green Cardamom Supplementation Reduces Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Women with Prediabetes

Individuals diagnosed with prediabetes have blood sugar levels that are higher than normal, but below the levels indicating type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Development of prediabetes can be influenced by age, race, lifestyle, and being overweight or obesity. These conditions can also cause or are coupled with increased insulin, glucose, free fatty acids, inflammation, and increased oxidative stress and endothelial

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Curcumin May Improve Liver Steatosis in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome (METS) is a metabolic disorder characterized by a combination of multiple factors including abdominal obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia, or dyslipidemia. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an abnormal accumulation of fat in the liver, or steatosis, which can progress to fibrosis and liver dysfunction. NAFLD is the most common cause of chronic liver disease in the United States and

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A Review of the Medicinal Properties of Turmeric with Specific Focus on Curcumin

Turmeric (Curcuma longa, Zingiberaceae) is a perennial plant and the rhizome is used as a culinary spice and medicinally. Turmeric is the major source of curcumin, a polyphenol with numerous health benefits, but poor bioavailability. Turmeric has long been used medicinally and has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anticancer, and antimutagenic properties. The purpose of this review was to summarize the effects of curcumin on

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Effect of a Natural Turmeric Matrix Formulation on the Absorption and Bioavailability of Curcumin

Curcuminoids are the major bioactive molecules in turmeric (Curcuma longa, Zingiberaceae). They are amphiphilic compounds that are more soluble in organic solvents than aqueous solutions, and their low water solubility translates to poor gastrointestinal absorption. Moreover, the high rate of metabolism and metabolic inactivation and the rapid elimination of curcuminoids results in low serum curcuminoid levels and poor distribution of

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Reviewed Data Indicate Potential for Curcumin to Affect Pharmacokinetics of Some Pharmaceutical Drugs

Curcumin is extracted from turmeric (Curcuma longa, Zingiberaceae) rhizome, a spice commonly used worldwide. Turmeric has been used for centuries to treat many conditions including cancer, gastrointestinal disorders, and inflammatory conditions. Curcumin also has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and hepatoprotective properties. Modern-day studies have reported numerous benefits. While curcumin has a wide therapeutic index, it may affect the safety of other

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