Tag Archives: Safety

Clinical Safety of Ephedrine Alkaloid-free Ephedra Herb Extract (EFE)

Ephedra (Ephedra sinica, E. equisetina, and E. intermedia; Ephedraceae) herb (primarily stem tissue) is used in Japanese Traditional Medicine (Kampo) formulations. Ephedra herb is defined in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia as stem material containing ˃0.7% ephedrine alkaloids (ephedrine and pseudoephedrine). Ephedrine alkaloids (EAs) are thought to be responsible for the analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antitussive, and diaphoretic effects of ephedra. EAs stimulate adrenaline receptors

Read more

Ceylon Cinnamon Reduces Blood Pressure and Lowers Cholesterol in Healthy Adults

Cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum syn. C. zeylanicum, Lauraceae; CV), a well-known spice derived from the inner bark of the tree, is indigenous to Sri Lanka and parts of India. Cinnamon is used in Ayurvedic medicine and marketed as a treatment for various ailments, including metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, and arthritis. Compared to cassia cinnamon (C. aromaticum syn. C. cassia), CV has a

Read more

A Review of the Physiological and Toxicological Effects of Peppermint Oil in Gastrointestinal Disorders

A centuries-old remedy for a variety of gastrointestinal complaints, data indicate that peppermint (Mentha × piperita, Lamiaceae) may be beneficial in clinical treatment.  Peppermint is a generally sterile hybrid between water mint (M. aquatica) and spearmint (M. spicata) thought to have occurred naturally. Peppermint essential oil (PEO), obtained by distillation from fresh leaves, has been used for centuries for gastrointestinal (GI) ailments.

Read more

Safety of Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract in the Elderly

Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba, Ginkgoaceae) is one of the most widely used medicinal plants throughout the world, and ginkgo leaf extract is used frequently to treat cognitive decline. There is extensive research evaluating the efficacy and safety of ginkgo. Clinical studies show that the rate of adverse events in patients treated with ginkgo is similar to those treated with placebo. However,

Read more