Review of Proprietary Hawthorn Extract WS® 1442 for Treating Heart Failure

The leaves and flowers of hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata and C. monogyna, Rosaceae) have been used to treat heart ailments for over 2000 years. Based on the cumulative scientific evidence, the German Commission E issued positive monographs for Hawthorn to treat decreasing functional capacity of the heart, and in 2016, the European Medicines Agency's Committee on Herbal Medicinal … Continue reading Review of Proprietary Hawthorn Extract WS® 1442 for Treating Heart Failure

Food as Medicine: Dog Rose Hip (Rosa canina, Rosaceae)

The rose (Rosa spp.) hip (also sometimes written as “rosehip”) is a pseudofruit in the economically important Rosaceae family, which includes apple (Malus spp.), strawberry (Fragaria spp.), plum (Prunusspp.), and almond (Prunus spp.). The genus Rosa includes more than 100 species that have been cultivated since ancient times in a vast array of climates.1 Both rose petals and rose hips can be used in … Continue reading Food as Medicine: Dog Rose Hip (Rosa canina, Rosaceae)

Sea Buckthorn Decreases and Delays Postprandial Insulin Response in Overweight and Obese Males

Hyperinsulinemia, dyslipidemia, and endothelial dysfunction are caused in part by frequent and repeated postprandial (after meal) hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). These conditions contribute to cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and overweight/obesity. Foods with a low glycemic index, such as a variety of berries, may reduce postprandial glycemia, improve acute insulin secretion, and improve appetite … Continue reading Sea Buckthorn Decreases and Delays Postprandial Insulin Response in Overweight and Obese Males

Black Chokeberry—Bioactivities of Phenolic-rich Fruit May Contribute to Prevention of Chronic Diseases

Bioactive plant-derived compounds, especially phenolics with high antioxidant activity, are increasingly shown to be beneficial in preventing and treating chronic diseases. Black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa, Rosaceae) fruit has high levels of antioxidants, especially anthocyanins in the form of cyanidin derivatives. Black chokeberry fruit also contains other beneficial compounds such as vitamins C and E, carotenoids, … Continue reading Black Chokeberry—Bioactivities of Phenolic-rich Fruit May Contribute to Prevention of Chronic Diseases