Black Chokeberry Extract May Decrease Acetylcholinesterase Activity in Adolescents Diagnosed with Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a group of risk factors, including abdominal obesity, a disorder of lipid metabolism, glucose intolerance, and hypertension that lead to cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). An unbalanced diet, stress, reduced physical activity, and genetic factors may lead to abdominal obesity and are the main causes of MetS. … Continue reading Black Chokeberry Extract May Decrease Acetylcholinesterase Activity in Adolescents Diagnosed with Metabolic Syndrome

Dog Rose for the Prevention of Postpartum Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary tract infections (UTIs), inflammatory responses of squamous urinary tract tissue to bacteria, are divided into asymptomatic bacteriuria and symptomatic UTIs including cystitis and pyelonephritis. Higher risks of UTIs exist for pregnant and post-partum women, elders, children, and patients with spinal cord injury, catheterization, AIDs or HIV, or underlying urological disorders. Among post-partum women, the … Continue reading Dog Rose for the Prevention of Postpartum Urinary Tract Infections

Coriander, Rose, and Violet Combination May Reduce the Frequency, Duration, and Severity of Migraines

A migraine headache is among the most disabling inflictions globally, in part, because it adversely affects quality-of-life. Some pharmaceuticals are used prophylactically to decrease migraine frequency and severity, but they have unwanted side effects. In traditional Iranian medicine, coriander (Coriandrum sativum, Apiaceae) fruit, rose (Rosa damascena, Rosaceae) flower, and violet (Viola odorata, Violaceae) flower are … Continue reading Coriander, Rose, and Violet Combination May Reduce the Frequency, Duration, and Severity of Migraines

Food as Medicine: Pear (Pyrus communis and P. pyrifolia, Rosaceae)

The genus Pyrus consists of 30 deciduous species and is closely related to the genus Malus, which includes apples (Malus spp.). Both genera are part of the economically important Rosaceae family.1,2 Similar to apples, Pyrus fruits are classified as pomes, where the seeds are contained in a central, compartmentalized core.3 The Pyrus genus is native to Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa.1 Capable of living … Continue reading Food as Medicine: Pear (Pyrus communis and P. pyrifolia, Rosaceae)

Almond Consumption May Improve Lipid Profiles and Body Composition in Healthy Young Adults

Almond (Prunus dulcis, Rosaceae) intake has been associated with epidemiological studies and meta-analyses of clinical trials with possible health benefits including possible reduction in the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Studies suggest oleic acid, phenolic acids, phytosterols, and phytochemicals in almonds contribute to their cardioprotective qualities. These authors reported on the extension of a randomized, controlled … Continue reading Almond Consumption May Improve Lipid Profiles and Body Composition in Healthy Young Adults

Food as Medicine: Cherry (Prunus avium and P. cerasus, Rosaceae)

Take advantage of the fleeting cherry season to explore the fruit’s sweet side, sour side, and beneficial side. Due to their anti-inflammatory properties, cherry fruit and cherry bark have been used to treat and support a wide variety of chronic inflammatory conditions. In addition, the fruit’s rich phenolic compound content has been studied for their … Continue reading Food as Medicine: Cherry (Prunus avium and P. cerasus, Rosaceae)

Black Chokeberry Improves Diabetes-related Oxidative Stress and Lipid Profiles

The cause of diabetes mellitus is multifaceted, with genetic and environmental factors and ethnic and racial differences contributing to the prevalence of the disease. Chronic hyperglycemia results in oxidative stress that damages all organs. Many antidiabetic medications are available; however, no single drug has succeeded in lowering hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress. The success with which many … Continue reading Black Chokeberry Improves Diabetes-related Oxidative Stress and Lipid Profiles

Effects of Almonds and Almonds with Dark Chocolate and Cocoa on Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Heart disease claimed approximately 610,000 lives in 2015 and remains the leading cause of death in the United States. In 2010, suboptimal diet quality resulted in 678,000 deaths, some of which was attributed to low nut consumption. Previous research has found an inverse relationship between nut consumption and risk of coronary heart disease and all-cause … Continue reading Effects of Almonds and Almonds with Dark Chocolate and Cocoa on Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Apple Extract Does Not Improve Flow-mediated Vasodilation in Subjects with Borderline or Mild Hypertension

Elevated blood pressure (BP) or hypertension causes endothelial dysfunction and increases the risk of coronary heart disease. In experimental models, epicatechin (a flavan-3-ol flavonoid) has been shown to have cardioprotective effects by activating endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and improving endothelial function. The purpose of this single-center, repeated-dose, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study was to test … Continue reading Apple Extract Does Not Improve Flow-mediated Vasodilation in Subjects with Borderline or Mild Hypertension

Almond Intake Protects against HDL Decreases in Normal-Weight Subjects on a Cholesterol-lowering Diet

Reduced saturated fat intake is associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, but this dietary change may also cause lower levels of "good" high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. A previous study, the 2005 OmniHeart Trial, found that a diet with higher unsaturated fat intake prevented decreases in HDL cholesterol compared to diets with higher carbohydrate or … Continue reading Almond Intake Protects against HDL Decreases in Normal-Weight Subjects on a Cholesterol-lowering Diet