Tag Archives: Rosaceae)

Apple Extract Does Not Improve Flow-mediated Vasodilation in Subjects with Borderline or Mild Hypertension

Elevated blood pressure (BP) or hypertension causes endothelial dysfunction and increases the risk of coronary heart disease. In experimental models, epicatechin (a flavan-3-ol flavonoid) has been shown to have cardioprotective effects by activating endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and improving endothelial function. The purpose of this single-center, repeated-dose, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study was to test the hypothesis that an apple (Malus

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Almond Intake Protects against HDL Decreases in Normal-Weight Subjects on a Cholesterol-lowering Diet

Reduced saturated fat intake is associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, but this dietary change may also cause lower levels of “good” high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. A previous study, the 2005 OmniHeart Trial, found that a diet with higher unsaturated fat intake prevented decreases in HDL cholesterol compared to diets with higher carbohydrate or protein intake levels even though

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Review of Proprietary Hawthorn Extract WS® 1442 for Treating Heart Failure

The leaves and flowers of hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata and C. monogyna, Rosaceae) have been used to treat heart ailments for over 2000 years. Based on the cumulative scientific evidence, the German Commission E issued positive monographs for Hawthorn to treat decreasing functional capacity of the heart, and in 2016, the European Medicines Agency’s Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products recognized hawthorn as a

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Food as Medicine: Dog Rose Hip (Rosa canina, Rosaceae)

The rose (Rosa spp.) hip (also sometimes written as “rosehip”) is a pseudofruit in the economically important Rosaceae family, which includes apple (Malus spp.), strawberry (Fragaria spp.), plum (Prunusspp.), and almond (Prunus spp.). The genus Rosa includes more than 100 species that have been cultivated since ancient times in a vast array of climates.1 Both rose petals and rose hips can be used in culinary and herbal preparations. Rose

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Sea Buckthorn Decreases and Delays Postprandial Insulin Response in Overweight and Obese Males

Hyperinsulinemia, dyslipidemia, and endothelial dysfunction are caused in part by frequent and repeated postprandial (after meal) hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). These conditions contribute to cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and overweight/obesity. Foods with a low glycemic index, such as a variety of berries, may reduce postprandial glycemia, improve acute insulin secretion, and improve appetite control (due to fiber content).

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Black Chokeberry—Bioactivities of Phenolic-rich Fruit May Contribute to Prevention of Chronic Diseases

Bioactive plant-derived compounds, especially phenolics with high antioxidant activity, are increasingly shown to be beneficial in preventing and treating chronic diseases. Black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa, Rosaceae) fruit has high levels of antioxidants, especially anthocyanins in the form of cyanidin derivatives. Black chokeberry fruit also contains other beneficial compounds such as vitamins C and E, carotenoids, pectins, and organic acids, as

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