Tag Archives: Phytochemistry

Hops Provide an Abundant Source of Nutritionally and Pharmaceutically Relevant Compounds

In the search for plant products and phytochemicals that may prove useful in medicine or industry, the food and beverage processing industries are uniquely positioned to explore innovative techniques for extracting and separating valuable compounds. Hops (Humulus lupulus, Cannabaceae) plants contain many compounds with antioxidative, antimicrobial, anticarcinogenic, and other effects that are used in the pharmaceutical and food industries. Hops

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A Review of the Medicinal Uses and Phytochemistry of Hibiscus Calyces

Traditionally, all parts of the hibiscus (Roselle; Hibiscus sabdariffa, Malvaceae) plant are used for medicine and food. The young leaves and stems are eaten raw. The seeds are boiled and eaten in soup. The calyces are frozen or sun-dried and eaten. The calyces/flowers are used worldwide in drinks, jams, jelly, sauces, and as a natural food colorant. In traditional medicine, hibiscus

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Activity of Lemon Balm and Moldavian Dragonhead Essential Oils against Foodborne Microorganisms

It has been postulated that plant essential oils can be used as natural preservatives to delay food spoilage, inhibit pathogen growth, and improve food quality. Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis, Lamiaceae) aerial parts and Moldavian dragonhead (Dracocephalum moldavica, Lamiaceae) aerial parts have antibacterial and antifungal activity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the chemical composition, antimicrobial activity, and antioxidant

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Effects of Altitude on Phytochemistry and Genetics in Different Maca Phenotypes

Maca (Lepidium meyenii, Brassicaceae) tubers have been used by indigenous Peruvians as a medicinal food since antiquity. Age- and gender-specific physiological effects of maca have been seen in vivo and in human trials with male and pre- and postmenopausal female subjects. Effects vary by color phenotype and levels of bioactive compounds, including glucosinolates (GCs). In an earlier study, red maca

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Analysis of Helichrysum (Immortelle) Chemistry, Antioxidant Activity, and Chemotaxonomy

Traditionally, helichrysum (immortelle; Helichrysum italicum, Asteraceae) has been used for the treatment of scars and cuts, as well as used as a liver stimulant and diuretic. The essential oil of helichrysum has been found to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, fungicidal, and astringent effects. As an emollient and fragrance in the cosmetic and perfume industry, the chemical composition of helichrysum essential oil has

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