Tag Archives: Lamiaceae)

Aromatherapy with Peppermint Oil for Morning Sickness: Placebo Effect Only?

Nausea with or without vomiting in pregnancy (NVP, also called morning sickness) affects 50-90% of pregnant women. Its most severe form, hyperemesis gravidarum, with a prevalence of 1.1%, causes great distress and disrupts life activities. Women who have hyperemesis gravidarum have a higher risk of preterm labor and preeclampsia. NVP may be caused by psychological and hormonal factors, changes in

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Both Lavender and Bitter Orange Reduce Anxiety in Postmenopausal Women

Postmenopausal women frequently report feelings of anxiety. Uncontrolled anxiety can harm physical health, reduce the quality of life, and increase the intensity of menopause symptoms. While several conventional drugs are available to treat anxiety, many women avoid using them because of side effects such as drowsiness, dizziness, memory impairment, and difficulty concentrating. Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia, Lamiaceae) flowers contain several compounds

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Combination of Sage, Rosemary, and Melissa May Enhance Memory in Healthy People Younger than 63 Years

New treatment approaches are needed to prevent cognitive decline and dementia in the growing elderly population. Several traditionally used medicinal plants have been reported to enhance cognitive function and improve brain health through their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective properties. Among those plants are sage (Salvia officinalis, Lamiaceae), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis, Lamiaceae), and Melissa (lemon balm; Melissa officinalis, Lamiaceae). Although study findings

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Biodiversity and Phytochemistry of Lemon Balm

Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis, Lamiaceae) is a plant native to the eastern Mediterranean and western Asia that has been used traditionally as a spice, tea, and medicine. Modern pharmacological studies have reported lemon balm to possess antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. The purpose of this study was to investigate how essential oil composition, especially rosmarinic acid content and antioxidant activity, changes

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A Review of the Physiological and Toxicological Effects of Peppermint Oil in Gastrointestinal Disorders

A centuries-old remedy for a variety of gastrointestinal complaints, data indicate that peppermint (Mentha × piperita, Lamiaceae) may be beneficial in clinical treatment.  Peppermint is a generally sterile hybrid between water mint (M. aquatica) and spearmint (M. spicata) thought to have occurred naturally. Peppermint essential oil (PEO), obtained by distillation from fresh leaves, has been used for centuries for gastrointestinal (GI) ailments.

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Activity of Lemon Balm and Moldavian Dragonhead Essential Oils against Foodborne Microorganisms

It has been postulated that plant essential oils can be used as natural preservatives to delay food spoilage, inhibit pathogen growth, and improve food quality. Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis, Lamiaceae) aerial parts and Moldavian dragonhead (Dracocephalum moldavica, Lamiaceae) aerial parts have antibacterial and antifungal activity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the chemical composition, antimicrobial activity, and antioxidant

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Uses, Chemistry, and Pharmacology of Lemon Balm

Native to southern Europe, lemon balm is a bushy perennial that can grow to two or three feet tall. Like other members of the mint family, it has square stems and opposite, branching leaves. The flowers, which usually appear from about June to September, are small, inconspicuous, yellow to pinkish-white, and have the “lipped” look typical of the mint family.

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Initial Clinical Trial Finds that a Combination of Indian Frankincense and Lemon Balm May Improve Memory Function in Older Adults

As lifespans around the world increase, age-related health concerns become a growing medical issue. Memory loss and dementia affect many older adults, and prescription and non-prescription treatments for these conditions are commonly used. Of the range of herbal remedies available, limited research has been done on the potential of Indian frankincense (Boswellia serrata, Burseraceae) and lemon balm (Melissa officinalis, Lamiaceae)

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Food as Medicine: Chia (Salvia hispanica, Lamiaceae)

Chia (Salvia hispanica, Lamiaceae) is an annual herb native to Mexico and Guatemala that requires fertile, well-drained soil and subtropical climate conditions to set seed in the late summer months of July and August.1-4 Chia is the most common name for this plant, but it is also sometimes called Spanish sage, lime-leaf sage, Mexican chia, and black chia.2,4 The plant grows to

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