Tag Archives: Essential Oils

Biodiversity and Phytochemistry of Lemon Balm

Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis, Lamiaceae) is a plant native to the eastern Mediterranean and western Asia that has been used traditionally as a spice, tea, and medicine. Modern pharmacological studies have reported lemon balm to possess antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. The purpose of this study was to investigate how essential oil composition, especially rosmarinic acid content and antioxidant activity, changes

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A Review of the Physiological and Toxicological Effects of Peppermint Oil in Gastrointestinal Disorders

A centuries-old remedy for a variety of gastrointestinal complaints, data indicate that peppermint (Mentha × piperita, Lamiaceae) may be beneficial in clinical treatment.  Peppermint is a generally sterile hybrid between water mint (M. aquatica) and spearmint (M. spicata) thought to have occurred naturally. Peppermint essential oil (PEO), obtained by distillation from fresh leaves, has been used for centuries for gastrointestinal (GI) ailments.

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Our Pantry Profile: Rosemary

Rosemary {Rosmarinus officinalis} The name Rosmarinus loosely translates to “dew of the sea,” given to rosemary because of its affinity for the wind-swept cliffs of the Mediterranean coast, where it originates. Beloved for centuries for its aroma and health benefits, this strongly aromatic member of the mint family is now cultivated worldwide. Greek scholars wore garlands of rosemary to improve

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Our Pantry Profile: Thyme

Thyme {Thymus vulgaris} Common garden thyme has been used for protection, courage, food, and medicine since the beginning of recorded history. A low-growing, aromatic shrub native to the rocky hills of the Mediterranean and Southern Europe, it’s now a staple of herb gardens around the world. Roman soldiers bathed in thyme to maintain their courage and strength before a battle,

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Activity of Lemon Balm and Moldavian Dragonhead Essential Oils against Foodborne Microorganisms

It has been postulated that plant essential oils can be used as natural preservatives to delay food spoilage, inhibit pathogen growth, and improve food quality. Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis, Lamiaceae) aerial parts and Moldavian dragonhead (Dracocephalum moldavica, Lamiaceae) aerial parts have antibacterial and antifungal activity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the chemical composition, antimicrobial activity, and antioxidant

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Pantry Profile: Basil {Ocimum basilicum}

Bright green, tall, and aromatic, basil is a beauty. An ancient plant with a long history and strange folklore, its sweet, peppery flavor has been used for centuries in cuisine and medicine. Basil is native to Africa and Southeast Asia and was eventually cultivated in the Middle East and the Mediterranean. Roman scholar Pliny the Elder described basil’s {now well-known}

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Aromatic Culinary Herb Called the Fennel

Fennel Foeniculum vulgare Also, Known As: Common Fennel Fennel Hsiao-hui-hsiang Large Fennel Roman Fennel Shatapushpa Shih-lo Sweet Fennel Tzu-mo-lo Wild Fennel Xiao-hue-Xiang The well known aromatic culinary herb called the fennel was extensively used as a herbal remedy to aid digestion in the ancient eras; it is a very pretty and feathery looking fragrant herb. Digestion and absorption of food

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