Tag Archives: Brassicaceae

Fig and Flixweed Intake Improve Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Individuals with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have bloating and abdominal pain or discomfort that can cause them to miss work, increase their spending on health care, and experience decreased quality of life. Constipation-predominant IBS (IBS-C) is defined as constipation accompanied by abdominal pain, which is usually relieved by a bowel movement. Flixweed (Descurainia Sophia, Brassicaceae) and fig (Ficus carica, Moraceae) are rich

Read more

Effects of Altitude on Phytochemistry and Genetics in Different Maca Phenotypes

Maca (Lepidium meyenii, Brassicaceae) tubers have been used by indigenous Peruvians as a medicinal food since antiquity. Age- and gender-specific physiological effects of maca have been seen in vivo and in human trials with male and pre- and postmenopausal female subjects. Effects vary by color phenotype and levels of bioactive compounds, including glucosinolates (GCs). In an earlier study, red maca

Read more

Food as Medicine Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana, Brassicaceae)

History and Traditional Use Range and Habitat Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana, Brassicaceae) is a hardy perennial native to southeastern Europe and western Asia. Today, it is grown in the temperate regions of Europe, Asia, and North and South America, as well as some parts of Africa and New Zealand.1 The plant grows in clumps with bright green leaves that radiate out from

Read more

Food as Medicine: Mustard (Brassica juncea and B. nigra, Brassicaceae)

Mustard plants are herbaceous perennials (though often grown as annuals or biennials) and belong to the Brassicaceae, or cabbage, family. The three types of mustard most commonly consumed today are brown mustard (Brassica juncea), black mustard (B. nigra), and white mustard (Sinapis alba). This paper is concerned only with the brown and black species. Native to temperate regions in Europe, mustard

Read more

Food as Medicine: Arugula (Eruca sativa, Brassicaceae)

History and Traditional Use Range and Habitat Arugula (Eruca sativa, Brassicaceae), also known as rucola and rocket, is a weedy annual that is drought-tolerant and prefers a hot, dry climate. The name “arugula” is a modern American designation and likely derives from the Italian term “rucola.” The name “rocket” is more common in British English, as is roquette in France. Both rucola

Read more

Food as Medicine: Rutabaga (Brassica napus subsp. rapifera, Brassicaceae)

Rutabaga (Brassica napus subsp. rapifera, Brassicaceae), also known as “swede” or “Swedish turnip,” is a natural hybrid between cabbage (B. oleracea) and turnip (B. rapa).1 It can also be found under the subspecies “napobrassica.” Considered a root vegetable, the rutabaga is actually the enlarged base of the stem of the plant.2 Most commonly, rutabagas have a pale yellow or white

Read more

Food as Medicine: Arugula (Eruca sativa, Brassicaceae)

History and Traditional Use Range and Habitat Arugula (Eruca sativa, Brassicaceae), also known as rucola and rocket, is a weedy annual that is drought-tolerant and prefers a hot, dry climate.1,2 The name “arugula” is a modern American designation and likely derives from the Italian term “rucola.”3 The name “rocket” is more common in British English, as isroquette in France. Both

Read more