Cotton Thistle Extract Lowers Blood Pressure in Patients Treated for Primary Hypertension

Hypertension increases the risk of stroke, myocardial infarction, vascular disease, and chronic kidney disease. Treatments for hypertension include drugs (angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors, beta-blockers, diuretics, calcium channel blockers, alpha-blockers, and peripheral vasodilators) and improvements in lifestyle factors (losing weight, quitting smoking, reducing sodium intake, exercising regularly, and limiting alcohol intake). Among the specific drugs used to treat … Continue reading Cotton Thistle Extract Lowers Blood Pressure in Patients Treated for Primary Hypertension

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Emulsions Containing Echinacea Extract Reduce Body and Scalp Pruritis

Pruritis (itching) is a common symptom of inflammatory skin diseases and is strongly associated with dry skin. Topical emollients to replenish lipids and moisturizers to hydrate the skin are first-line treatments; however, the effects are often unsatisfactory. Treatment for three months with a water-in-oil (w/o) emulsion containing a proprietary echinacea (Echinacea purpurea, Asteraceae) root extract was … Continue reading Emulsions Containing Echinacea Extract Reduce Body and Scalp Pruritis

Chamomile Reduces Testosterone Levels in Women with PCOS

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder found in women of childbearing age. The main underlying disordered metabolism issues in PCOS are insulin resistance and hyperandrogenism. Characteristic manifestations can include irregular or infrequent or no menses, infertility, hirsutism, hair loss, and weight gain. Underlying mechanisms can be addressed that can then dramatically alter the current issues … Continue reading Chamomile Reduces Testosterone Levels in Women with PCOS

Artichoke Leaf Extract Improves Liver Disease Parameters in Patients with Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the most common cause of chronic liver disease, is associated with metabolic syndrome. It can progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma; however, the progression is potentially reversible. The few therapeutic agents approved to treat the disease are not always successful. Some studies suggest that for people with the disease, dietary … Continue reading Artichoke Leaf Extract Improves Liver Disease Parameters in Patients with Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Echinacea Mouthwash More Effective than Chlorhexidine in Decreasing Oral Microbial Load in Intubated Patients

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common bacterial infection among patients in intensive care units (ICUs). For patients placed on a ventilator, the risk for nosocomial pneumonia and mortality is higher than for other patients. The use of anti-bacterial mouthwashes is recommended to prevent the occurrence of VAP. Among the available mouthwashes, chlorhexidine is highly effective … Continue reading Echinacea Mouthwash More Effective than Chlorhexidine in Decreasing Oral Microbial Load in Intubated Patients

Boswellia, Ginger, and Yarrow Combination Reduces Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterized by abdominal pain and alterations in bowel movements. Patients with IBS have a higher rate of depression and anxiety and have a decreased quality of life (QOL). Boswellia (Boswellia carteri, Burseraceae) gum resin has anti-inflammatory properties and antidepressant effects. Ginger (Zingiber officinale, Zingiberaceae) rhizome has antibacterial, antifungal, and antioxidant effects. Yarrow (Achillea millefolium, Asteraceae) aerial … Continue reading Boswellia, Ginger, and Yarrow Combination Reduces Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Artichoke Leaf Extract Improves Triglyceride Levels in Women with Metabolic Syndrome who Carry the A Allele Genotype of FTO-rs9939609

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. MetS is diagnosed when a person has at least three of the following conditions: elevated blood glucose, high blood pressure, low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), high levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), and abdominal obesity. The rs7903146 intron of the transcription … Continue reading Artichoke Leaf Extract Improves Triglyceride Levels in Women with Metabolic Syndrome who Carry the A Allele Genotype of FTO-rs9939609

Phytochemical and Antibacterial Study of Helichrysum Extract

Several species of infectious bacteria, including Staphylococcus epidermidis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, can form adherent layers on surfaces known as a biofilm. A biofilm formation may render antibiotics unable to attenuate infection. Helichrysum (Helichrysum italicum, Asteraceae) is used traditionally in combating inflammation and infection, and compounds such as phloroglucinols and their derivatives have been shown to have antibacterial activity. … Continue reading Phytochemical and Antibacterial Study of Helichrysum Extract

Potential of Wild Egyptian Artichoke for Hepatitis C Treatment

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the most common chronic bloodborne infection. There are 7 major HCV genotypes (1-7), which vary regionally. Water extracts of wild Egyptian artichoke (wild cardoon; Cynara cardunculus var. sylvestris, Asteraceae) (WEA) leaves are used traditionally in Egypt for their choleretic (increasing bile secretion) and hepatoprotective (liver-protective) effects. In addition, 2 sesquiterpene lactones (cynaropicrin and … Continue reading Potential of Wild Egyptian Artichoke for Hepatitis C Treatment

Analysis of Helichrysum (Immortelle) Chemistry, Antioxidant Activity, and Chemotaxonomy

Traditionally, helichrysum (immortelle; Helichrysum italicum, Asteraceae) has been used for the treatment of scars and cuts, as well as used as a liver stimulant and diuretic. The essential oil of helichrysum has been found to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, fungicidal, and astringent effects. As an emollient and fragrance in the cosmetic and perfume industry, the chemical composition … Continue reading Analysis of Helichrysum (Immortelle) Chemistry, Antioxidant Activity, and Chemotaxonomy