AHPA UPDATE: Online Botanical Safety Handbook Updated with New Information

Historical use as food added for plantain leaf, stinging nettle, and elderberry

AHPA continues to expand and update the online Botanical Safety Handbook 2nd ed. to provide the herbal industry with comprehensive safety information on over 500 species of herbs from clinical trials, pharmacological and toxicological studies, medical case reports, and historical texts.
The latest updates and additions include:
  • Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) was revised to add clinical trial adverse event information and animal pharmacology studies.
  • Achyranthes (Achyranthes bidentata) was revised to remove the 2d safety classification and identified additional pharmacology data and a new genotoxicity study.
  • Calamus (Acorus calamus) was revised to include additional adverse event case reports, animal pharmacology and toxicity studies, including reproductive effects.
  • Grass-leaf sweetflag (Acorus gramineus) was revised to cite additional animal pharmacology and toxicity studies.
  • Information on historical use as foods or in food products has been added to stinging nettle leaf (Urtica dioica), plantain leaf (Plantago major), and elderberry flower and fruit (Sambucus nigra).
The inclusion of detailed information about food use of botanicals provides supplemental information regarding the overall safety for the consumption of individual botanicals. Such information may support a position that a botanical is food and maybe generally recognized as safe through experience based on common use in food under numerous conditions of use. Information regarding such use has been drawn from numerous texts, such as guides for the use of native or wild-growing edible and medicinal plants, texts describing regional and cultural uses of edible plants, and cookbooks.
Subscribers to the online Botanical Safety Handbook can review short descriptions of updated entries in the “Revisions” panel on the online version homepage when they log in. AHPA will continue to post additional updates to existing entries as well as new botanical entries in the near future. Subscribers will be notified of these updates when they become available.
The online Botanical Safety Handbook is undergoing a review of existing entries and the addition of new entries to provide the latest safety information before it can be included in future print editions of the handbook.
AHPA’s Botanical Safety Handbook 2nd ed. is an essential tool for anyone who manufactures, recommends, or uses herbal products. It provides safety information on over 500 species of herbs, derived from data compiled from clinical trials, pharmacological and toxicological studies, medical case reports, and historical texts. All entries were reviewed by an Expert Advisory Council that includes some of the most renowned herbal and integrative medicine experts in the United States.