Monthly Archives: November 2019

Food as Medicine Update: Pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo, Cucurbitaceae)

Pumpkins (Cucurbita pepo) are an economically important fruit native to Central America and belong to the Cucurbitaceae family. This family consists of approximately 1,000 species of which 23 are cultivated in warm and temperate climates worldwide.1,2 In addition to pumpkins, other familiar cucurbits (species in Cucurbitaceae) include squashes, melons, and gourds.3,4 Cucurbita pepo as a species includes many varieties of winter squash and

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Birch-based Topical Product to Treat Partial-thickness Skin Wounds Approved as a Drug in Europe

Episalvan (Amryt AG; Niefern-Öschelbronn, Germany) is a topical gel containing dry extract of bark from either of two species of birch trees (Betula pendula and B. pubescens, Betulaceae) and/or their hybrids. The birch bark extract is rich in triterpenes, containing about 80% betulin. In 2016, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) approved Episalvan as a prescription drug to treat partial-thickness skin wounds. These

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Antileishmanial Herbs from Brazil’s Atlantic Forest

Leishmaniasis is caused by parasitical protozoans of the genus Leishmania. Fourteen Leishmania spp. infect vertebrates, including humans and other mammals. Invertebrates, all called sand flies, are their natural vectors; Lutzomyia spp. in the Western Hemisphere; Phlebotomus spp., in the Eastern. Leishmaniasis is endemic in 98 countries, 1.2 million new cases occur yearly; 90% of them among poor and marginalized groups in Brazil, India, Bangladesh, Sudan, South Sudan,

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LEGAL ALERT: FDA sends warns 15 companies for allegedly selling CBD products that violate the FD&C Act (FDA)

FDA sent warning letters to 15 companies for allegedly selling products containing cannabidiol (CBD) in ways that violate the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act). In a press release, the FDA stated that based on the lack of scientific information supporting the safety of CBD in food, it cannot conclude that CBD is generally recognized as safe (GRAS).

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