Monthly Archives: October 2018

Food as Medicine: Chickpea (Cicer arietinum, Fabaceae)

Chickpea is an annual crop with a small, bushy form. Its branched stems contain as many as 17 pairs of leaflets.1 Chickpea flowers are white to violet in color, appearing in spring to early summer.2 The edible chickpeas themselves are formed inside hairy, oblong pods which grow up to 1 ½” (38 mm) long, containing one to two seeds per pod.1 The genus name Cicer originates

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Effects of Geranium Aroma on Anxiety in Heart Attack Patients

As one of the most common forms of coronary artery disease, acute myocardial infarction (AMI), otherwise known as heart attack, is a leading cause of death with a life-threatening urgency that demands immediate treatment. AMI leads to disability, fatigue, depression, and sleep disorders. Nearly half (42%) of AMI patients experience anxiety. When hospitalized for an AMI, patients often experience severe

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Characterization of Bioactive Constituents in Hops Cones and Pellets

Hops (Humulus lupulus, Cannabaceae) cones not only give beer flavor and bitterness, but they also have sedative, antibacterial, and phytoestrogenic properties. They may also prevent cell proliferation, which could have applications in cancer treatment. However, the many bioactive compounds of hops are difficult to characterize. The purpose of this study was to maximize characterization by using two complementary techniques. The

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Best Practices SOP to Prevent Resale of ‘Irreparably Defective Articles’ for Industry and Public Comment

Botanical Adulterants Prevention Program invites broad herb and dietary supplement industry stakeholder input AUSTIN, Texas (October 10, 2018) — The ABC-AHP-NCNPR Botanical Adulterants Prevention Program (BAPP) has issued its draft “Best Practices Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for the Disposal/Destruction of Irreparably Defective Articles.” The document, which is intended for members of the herb, dietary supplement, food, and cosmetic industries, is open for

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Botanical Adulterants Prevention Program Publishes Revised Bulletin on Adulteration of Saw Palmetto

The updated bulletin includes new information on fraudulent blends made with animal-based fatty acids AUSTIN, Texas (October 29, 2018) — The ABC-AHP-NCNPR Botanical Adulterants Prevention Program (BAPP) announces the publication of a revised Botanical Adulterants Prevention Bulletin (BAPB) on saw palmetto (Serenoa repens) berry and berry extracts. Saw palmetto extract is a popular ingredient in dietary supplements in the United States

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Biodiversity and Phytochemistry of Lemon Balm

Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis, Lamiaceae) is a plant native to the eastern Mediterranean and western Asia that has been used traditionally as a spice, tea, and medicine. Modern pharmacological studies have reported lemon balm to possess antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. The purpose of this study was to investigate how essential oil composition, especially rosmarinic acid content and antioxidant activity, changes

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Ceylon Cinnamon Reduces Blood Pressure and Lowers Cholesterol in Healthy Adults

Cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum syn. C. zeylanicum, Lauraceae; CV), a well-known spice derived from the inner bark of the tree, is indigenous to Sri Lanka and parts of India. Cinnamon is used in Ayurvedic medicine and marketed as a treatment for various ailments, including metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, and arthritis. Compared to cassia cinnamon (C. aromaticum syn. C. cassia), CV has a

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Clinical Trial Studies Effectiveness of Saffron in Treating Opioid Withdrawal Symptoms

Opioid addiction has reached epidemic levels, and withdrawal from the use of drugs such as heroin or prescription opioids can cause acute physical and mental distress. Methadone is often used as replacement therapy in the treatment of opioid dependence since it is slow-acting and able to treat withdrawal symptoms while blocking the high associated with other opioids. Since methadone is

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Cross-sectional Survey Studies Potential for Herb-drug Interactions in Pregnant Women

Herbal and natural products (HNP) are generally considered safe, and many people take them without considering the presence of active compounds that may interact with other HNPs or prescription medications. These interactions have the potential to be severe, according to the authors. Women are the majority users of HNPs, so the possibility for herb-drug interactions (HDIs) becomes doubly concerning in

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Food as Medicine: Cherry (Prunus avium and P. cerasus, Rosaceae)

Take advantage of the fleeting cherry season to explore the fruit’s sweet side, sour side, and beneficial side. Due to their anti-inflammatory properties, cherry fruit and cherry bark have been used to treat and support a wide variety of chronic inflammatory conditions. In addition, the fruit’s rich phenolic compound content has been studied for their potential benefits for sleep disorders,

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