Monthly Archives: August 2018

Authentication of Eleuthero and Rhodiola Supplements in the United Kingdom

Eleuthero (Siberian ginseng, Eleutherococcus senticosus, Araliaceae) and Rhodiola (Rhodiola Rosea, Crassulaceae) roots are popular herbal supplements that are used to improve overall health resilience to conditions such as stress and exhaustion. The purpose of this study was to authenticate eleuthero and Rhodiola herbal supplements utilizing DNA barcoding techniques and determine whether there is evidence for adulteration. The authors obtained a total

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Crocin Consumption Has No Significant Effect on Metabolic Syndrome Components

The components of metabolic syndrome include high levels of serum glucose and triglycerides (TGs), low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), high blood pressure (BP), and abdominal obesity. Metabolic syndrome increases the risks of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. The stigma of saffron (Crocus sativus, Iridaceae) has been used medicinally for its antidepressant, sedative, antispasmodic, respiratory, decongestant, and expectorant properties. Its main active metabolites

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Useful Links and Resources

For more information and updates on the work of the three partner organizations of the ABC-AHP-NCNPR Botanical Adulterants Program, please visit ABC at www.herbalgram.org, AHP at www.herbal-ahp.org, and NCNPR at www.pharmacy.olemiss.edu/ncnpr/. Other Helpful Resources and Links:  AHPA’s Botanical Identity References Compendium: http://www.botanicalauthentication.org/index.php/Main_Page AHPA’s Keep Supplements Clean Website: http://www.keepsupplementsclean.org/intl_enforcement.html Botanical Nomenclature Resource – Royal Gardens-Kew: http://mpns.kew.org/mpns-portal/ Chinese Medicinal Plants Authentication Centre: http://www.kew.org/science/ecbot/ecbot-cmpac.html European Commission’s Rapid Alert

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Botanical Adulterants Monitor: Turmeric Root/Rhizome

The turmeric root/rhizome and root/rhizome extract Botanical Adulteration Bulletin (BAB), issued in May 2018, is the 14th in the series of bulletins published by the Botanical Adulterants Prevention Program (BAPP). Turmeric is one of the most important spices, and also among the most popular dietary supplement ingredients globally. The increased demand for turmeric extracts and the improvement of laboratory analytical

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Black Chokeberry Improves Diabetes-related Oxidative Stress and Lipid Profiles

The cause of diabetes mellitus is multifaceted, with genetic and environmental factors and ethnic and racial differences contributing to the prevalence of the disease. Chronic hyperglycemia results in oxidative stress that damages all organs. Many antidiabetic medications are available; however, no single drug has succeeded in lowering hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress. The success with which many oral hypoglycemic drugs reduce blood

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Effects of Almonds and Almonds with Dark Chocolate and Cocoa on Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Heart disease claimed approximately 610,000 lives in 2015 and remains the leading cause of death in the United States. In 2010, suboptimal diet quality resulted in 678,000 deaths, some of which was attributed to low nut consumption. Previous research has found an inverse relationship between nut consumption and risk of coronary heart disease and all-cause mortality. Furthermore, incorporating mixed nuts

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