Roses In Alphabetical Order ‘F’
‘Fair Bianca’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1982)The English roses tend to be more expansive in our sunnier North American climates than in their native Britain, so fitting them into a small garden can be difficult. ‘Fair Bianca’, however, offers a good solution to that problem. Even at the Huntington Botanical Gardens in San Marino, California, where many of the English roses perform more like climbers than shrubs, ‘Fair Bianca’ roses remains a compact, re-blooming shrub. Its heirloom-type flowers are fully double and cupped, with small green eyes at the center. The perfume is powerful and reminiscent of anise.
‘Fantin-Latour’ Roses (Centifolia)Although ‘Fantin-Latour’ has a relatively short bloom period and does not repeat, the quality of the blossoms makes up for their short season. Each 2- to 3-inch very double flower is composed of 200 petals, giving it the full appearance typical of centifolia roses. When it first opens, the pale blush pink bloom is cupped; it then flattens as it matures. The blossoms emit a delicate fragrance. Leaves are dark green, and canes are nearly smooth.
‘Fantin-Latour’ plants produce arching canes that usually reach 5 feet in height and a little less in spread. They perform well in a bed or border where their late-spring flower display is breathtaking. This is a very hardy rose, but its disease resistance is only moderate.
‘Fashion’ Roses (Floribunda, Introduced – 1949)Oval, deep peach buds open into lively coral-peachy pink flowers with 20 to 25 petals and a sweet fragrance. The 3 1/2-inch blooms appear in large sprays on vigorous, 3-foot plants. This variety has found its way into the parentage of many of today’s floribundas.
‘Félicité Parmentier’ Roses (Alba, Introduced – 1834)As a group, the alba roses are large shrubs, and their vigorous growth can overwhelm a small garden. ‘Félicité Parmentier’ is an exception, a more mannerly shrub that doesn’t jostle its neighbors. Its blossoms are one of the sweetest pleasures of early summer. Borne in clusters, they are a soft pink in color, saucer-shaped, and “quartered” -the petals are clustered so as to form four distinct quadrants within the circular flower -and the center of each is a green “eye”, rather like the button at the center of an overstuffed sofa cushion. When not in bloom, this shrub provides a visually restful mass of attractive gray-green foliage.
‘Ferdinand Pichard’ Roses (Hybrid Perpetual, Introduced – 1921)The cupped double blooms of ‘Ferdinand Pichard’ rose are fragrant and colorful. Ranging from 2 1/2 to 4 inches across, each flower bears pink petals splashed with white or crimson stripes, and as the blossom ages its pink fades to white and the crimson to purple. Flower clusters appear in abundance in early summer and again in the fall with sporadic blooms in between. Foliage is yellowish green, and canes are nearly thorn-less.
This rose has an upright, compact habit and is ideally suited to beds. This rose does especially well with regular fertilizing and copious watering and should be pruned heavily in winter. While fairly resistant to mildew, this rose is susceptible to black spot.
‘Fimbriata’ Roses (Hybrid Rugosa, Introduced – 1891)The blossoms of this shrub do not look like those of the typical rugosa; in fact, they do not look like roses at all, but instead resemble pale pink carnations. But ‘Fimbriata’ is a typical rugosa in its toughness, for this shrub tolerates not only extreme cold but also poor soils and light shade. It isn’t just disease resistant; it’s virtually disease free.
The spicily perfumed blossoms, clean foliage, and dense, relatively compact growth make ‘Fimbriata’ an excellent accent in a perennial border. Its hardiness and adaptability make this shrub a good choice for the northern gardener with a challenging site.
‘Fire King’ Roses (Floribunda, Introduced – 1959)Oval buds open into sprays of fiery scarlet to orange-red very double flowers with 50 petals. High-centered when they first open, the flowers finish flat and 2 1/2 inches across. Blooms have a musky fragrance, and the foliage is dark green and leathery. Plants are bushy and 4 to 5 feet high. This rose has good winter hardiness but is somewhat mildew prone.
‘First Edition’ Roses (Floribunda, Introduced – 1976)The pointed coral-orange buds of ‘First Edition’ open to luminous coral-rose blossoms with orange tints. The petals surround yellow anthers. Flowers are double, 2 to 2 1/2 inches across, and lightly fragrant, and they are borne in flat-topped clusters. Their color deepens in cool weather. Foliage is glossy and medium green.
The bushes are vigorous and upright. They are suited to many uses, including beds and borders, low hedges, and containers. Flowers are excellent for cutting and exhibition, and the plants have good disease resistance.
‘First Prize’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1970)Gorgeous large pointed buds open to high-centered rosy pink flowers with ivory centers. Each 5- to 6-inch double blossom has 25 to 35 petals. These are borne singly or in small clusters on strong stems and are mildly fragrant. Leaves are dark and leathery.
‘First Prize’ rose has an upright habit and can be very effective in a bed or border, where it will produce abundant flowers all summer. The classical form of its huge buds and open blossoms and its long vase life make it an ideal selection for cut flowers and exhibitions. This rose is tender and fairly resistant to black spot.
‘F.J. Grootendorst’ Roses (Hybrid Rugosa, Introduced – 1918)’F. J. Grootendorst’ rose produces clusters of up to 20 small, scentless, crimson flowers throughout the growing season. Individual blooms are double and have a carnation like appearance with fringed petals. The abundant foliage is somewhat coarse, leathery, and dark green. This rose has given rise to several sports, including ‘Pink Grootendorst’, which has soft pink flowers; ‘White Grootendorst’, whose white blooms are borne on a considerably smaller plant; and ‘Grootendorst Supreme’, whose blossoms are lightly scented and a deeper red than those of its parent.
This rugosa hybrid is a vigorous grower with a bushy, upright habit. This rose is easy to grow, tolerant of seaside conditions, and disease resistant.
‘Flaming Beauty’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1978)One of the best commercial products to come from an amateur hybridizer, ‘Flaming Beauty’ rose has perfect, high-centered blooms of yellow brushed with reddish orange. The brightly colored double blooms are 4 inches across. Plants are 3 to 4 feet high and slightly spreading, with fair winter hardiness. Watch out for mildew.
‘Flower Carpet Pink’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1989)When this rose was introduced onto the market, it was trumpeted as “the environmental rose”, a shrub that flourished without the protection of sprays. In fact, it is a hardy, reliable rose where the weather is cool. In the Southeast, however, this rose is not immune to blackspot and mildew, and this rose grows best with some protection from the afternoon sun.
Where it likes the climate, ‘Flower Carpet Pink’ rose is a terrific shrub to use as a low hedge or ground cover or to combine with perennials in a mixed border. The rose bears 1 1/2 in (3.8 cm) wide, deep pink, semi- double blooms in clusters of 15-25 flowers well into the fall. These late flowers show up vividly against this rose’s autumn foliage of red and bronze.
‘Folklore’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1977)Breeding vigor and toughness into its roses without sacrificing beauty has long been a specialty of the German nursery Wilhelm Kordes Söhne, and ‘Folklore’ is a fine example of this art. Its tall, semi-climbing habit makes ‘Folklore’ an excellent choice for a tall hedge or barrier, and its tendency to bloom later than most hybrid teas (with good repeat in the fall) extends the rose season. The blossoms are large, double, and very fragrant, and the pale undersides lend a dramatic note of contrast to the orange-pink of the petals.
‘Fortune’s Double Yellow’ Roses (Climber, Introduced – 1845)The clusters of loosely double flowers of this popular old climber have been described as apricot with rose shades, salmon tinged with red, yellow tinged with copper, and so on. However you describe it, the colors are captivating and contrast nicely with the delicate, apple green foliage. This rose blooms heavily in springtime, and thrives in both the Southeast and the Southwest. Indeed, ‘Fortune’s Double Yellow’ rose has escaped from cultivation to naturalize in southern California, which testifies to the ease with which this rose may be cultivated. Although it can be grown as a sprawling shrub, this rose is most effective as a climber; it is spectacular when the canes have been trained up into the limbs of an open-canopied tree, to spill back down to the ground in a curtain of golden blossoms.
‘Fragrant Cloud’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1963)’Fragrant Cloud’ is named for its scent, which is among the most powerful of all roses and is both sweet and spicy. The double flowers are 4 to 5 inches across and coral red, deepening to a purplish red as they age. Blooms are composed of 25 to 30 petals and are produced in great numbers throughout the summer. The leaves are large, dark, and semi-glossy.
The plant is vigorous and upright; its freely branching habit makes this rose well suited to a border or bed. The rose is highly valued as a cut flower both for its appearance and for its perfume. Leaves are subject to mildew.
‘Fragrant Memory’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1974)Introduced in 1974 as ‘Jadis’, this rose was removed from the marketplace in 1979 because Jackson and Perkins thought the name was too difficult for most people to pronounce. This rose was reintroduced in 1989 with its present and more evocative name. One of the most fragrant roses ever hybridized, ‘Fragrant Memory’ has long, slender flowers of lively pink with a slight lavender fluorescence. When fully open, the 25-petaled flower measures 4 1/2 to 5 inches across. Plants grow 3 to 5 feet tall and have long cutting stems and better-than-average hardiness.
‘Frau Dagmar Hartopp’ Roses (Hybrid Rugosa, Introduced – 1914)This compact rugosa is an ideal candidate for a smaller garden. Its clove-scented, light pink, single flowers open to reveal knots of golden stamens at their centers, and they recur throughout the summer. Indeed, this rose is seldom out of bloom through the warm-weather months and usually is heavily laden with flowers. In fall, the flowers give way to large, tomato red hips as the leaves rum orange or yellow. To ensure a good crop of hips and the best autumn display, plant another rugosa rose such as the species type Rosa rugosa alba or R. rugosa rubra nearby, as cross-pollination increases the fruit production of ‘Frau Dagmar Hartopp’.
‘Frau Karl Druschki’ Roses (Hybrid Perpetual, Introduced – 1901)This rose produces a great abundance of double blossoms from high-centered buds in early summer and repeats the show in fall. The elegant white flower is 4 to 4 1/2 inches across with 30 to 35 rolled petals that display a touch of lemon yellow at their base. Canes are nearly smooth, supporting leathery, coarse, light green foliage.
The plant is vigorous and erect, with stout branches and long, strong stems. The color and form of its flower makes it useful in combination with other roses, both in beds and in indoor arrangements. Buds are reluctant to open in damp weather, and leaves are susceptible to mildew.
‘French Lace’ Roses (Floribunda, Introduced – 1980)This is a somewhat tender rose and is not reliably winter hardy. In the milder climates of the Mid-Atlantic coast and the upper Southeast, however, ‘French Lace’ is a star.
Certainly, the flowers are spectacular. Double, pale apricot to creamy white, they have the elegant form of a classic hybrid tea. But the floribunda shows through in the flowers’ abundance, for they appear in generous clusters of up to 12 blooms.
‘Frühlingsgold’ Roses (Hybrid spinosissima, Introduced – 1937)”Spring gold” in German, this variety has very fragrant pure golden yellow flowers that bloom once a year. The single flowers (with 5 to 10 petals) measuring 3 1/2 to 5 inches across appear on vigorous, arching 6- to 8-foot canes. The large, light green leaves are soft and wrinkled.
‘Frühlingsmorgen’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1942)The Kordes nursery, Germany’s leading producer of roses, has kept as its goal through several generations of family ownership to produce roses adapted to northern Europe’s often harsh climate. Yet ‘Frühlingsmorgen’, despite a robust nature, has a deceptively delicate appearance. The name means “spring morning ‘, and in fact this rose is one of the first to bloom in the spring. With its simple charm, this rose is reminiscent of a species type, and like the wild roses, it does not re-bloom. (There may be a few additional flowers later on in the year, but the gardener should not count on this.) The large, single flowers have rose pink to cherry pink petals with primrose yellow centers surrounding bright maroon stamens. This rose makes a fine informal flowering hedge, but it also works well as a specimen shrub.