Roses In Alphabetical Order ‘C’
‘Cabbage Rose’ Roses (Centifolia)The very double flowers of ‘Cabbage Rose’ (also called R. centifolia) are clear pink and richly fragrant. This is the type of rose, with many-petaled, globular blooms, often depicted in paintings by the old European masters. The 3-inch flowers are supported by long stems and appear singly or in clusters. Though they do not repeat, they produce a stunning summer display. Foliage is gray-green and coarse, and thorns are abundant.
‘Cabbage Rose’ has a lax, arching habit and is moderately sized, making it useful as a garden shrub. This rose is extremely hardy.
‘Camaieux’ Roses (Gallica, Introduced – 1830)In the early 19th century, there was a fashion for striped and spotted roses, and the French nurseryman J. P. Vibert was something of a specialist in that sort of flower. ‘Camaieux’ is one of his most interesting creations, a rose with the exquisite appeal of cloisonné. Every petal in the strongly fragrant, double flowers of ‘Camaieux’ seems deliberately placed to create a perfect, flattened round. The blossoms open blush white with even, deep pink stripes, then fade to white striped with mauve-purple. This striking coloring and the shrub’s neat, compact habit make this an unusual specimen worthy of a place of prominence in the garden.
‘Camelot’ Roses (Grandiflora, Introduced – 1964)’Camelot’ rose is long lasting both in the garden and as a cut flower. The cup-shaped flowers are 3 1/2 to 5 inches across with 40 to 55 petals. Blooms are coral to salmon-pink with a spicy fragrance, and appear in sprays. The bushy plants grow 5 to 6 feet tall, with large and glossy, dark green, leathery leaves that have good disease resistance. Plants are also fairly winter hardy.
‘Canadian White Star’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1980)As the 40 to 45 sparkling white petals of this variety open, they quill back in such a way that they form the outline of a multi-pointed star 3 to 6 inches across (according to George Mander, hybridizer of the HT ‘Canadian White Star’ record bloom diameter was 7″). The plants grow 5 to 6 feet tall and have medium to dark green, leathery, semi-glossy leaves. Another identifying characteristic of this variety is its large, hooked thorns. For best results, grow this rose in coastal climates as it does not take well to heat.
‘Candeur Lyonnaise’ Roses (Hybrid Perpetual, Introduced – 1914)’Candeur Lyonnaise’ produces a continuous succession of flowers from early spring until the first hard frost. Its buds are long and pointed, opening to very large double flowers that are 5 inches across. Blooms are white, although they sometimes take on a pale yellow tint, and the petals are delicately fringed.
The plants themselves are vigorous, stately, upright, and of moderate height. Their extended flowering season makes this an excellent shrub for nearly any garden and a good source of cut flowers.
‘Cardinal de Richelieu’ Roses (Gallica, Introduced – 1840)Some rosarians argue that the “Cardinal” is not pure gallica. They see a trace of China in the smooth, shiny foliage. Certainly, though, this rose is pure gallica in its flowers. There is a dark purple hue among gallicas that is found in no other roses, and the flowers of ‘Cardinal de Richelieu’ are the finest examples of this coloration. They make a strong and unusual contrast in a garden bed or as cut flowers, and the individual blossoms show nicely against the shrub’s dark green leaves. Small wonder that this tough, medium-size shrub is one of the most commonly planted of all gallica roses.
‘Carefree Beauty’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1977)This is the best known of the hardy “prairie roses” that Griffith Buck bred at Iowa State University. His goal was to combine cold tolerance with disease resistance and abundant flowering. This rose bears large (4 1/2 in [11.5 cm]), fragrant, semi-double, light rose flowers in clusters on vigorous canes, and blooms into the fall to bear an attractive crop of hips.
‘Carefree Delight’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1994)Carefree Delight lives up to its name in its resistance to the most troublesome diseases: mildew, blackspot, and rose rust. The clusters of single, 3 1/2 in (9 cm) wide, carmine-pink flowers, each with a creamy white center, show up strikingly against the dark green foliage, and they appear and reappear throughout the growing season.
Like the rest of the Meidiland roses, bred in France by the Meilland family nursery, ‘Carefree Delight’ rose requires no more maintenance than an azalea or a lilac: just an early-spring feeding with a slow-release fertilizer and a light shaping with the pruning shears a month or so later. For a carefree flowering shrub or hedge, this plant has few equals among roses, or indeed among any other kind of garden shrub.
‘Carefree Wonder’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1990)Bred from one of Dr. Griffith Buck’s roses (‘Prairie Princess’), ‘Carefree Wonder’ rose has that parent’s hardiness and disease resistance, combined with a truly spectacular display of flowers. In mid-season large, medium pink, double blooms begin to open in sprays of one to four, each with a lighter pink reverse and a white eye. In cool weather, the petals develop a deep pink etching. In 1991, this became the second shrub rose ever to win an All-America Rose Selection award, and this rose is superb as a low-maintenance landscape shrub or an informal, un-clipped hedge.
‘Cary Grant’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1987)Blooms of ‘Cary Grant’ rose are an eye-catching bright orange with a lighter reverse and have an excellent high-centered form and spicy fragrance. Flowers are 5 inches across and have 35 to 40 petals. Stems commendably firm for cutting are covered with dark green, glossy foliage on plants that can grow 4 to 5 feet tall.
‘Cathedral’ Roses (Floribunda, Introduced – 1975)Dedicated as a fundraiser for the tenth anniversary of the rebuilding of England’s war-torn Coventry Cathedral, this rose has high-centered flowers of dark apricot to orange, blending into a touch of yellow. The slightly fragrant blooms are waxy, with 18 to 24 petals, and open to 3 to 4 inches across. Plants are bushy and 3 1/2 to 4 feet tall, with shiny olive to dark green foliage.
‘Catherine Mermet’ Roses (Tea, Introduced – 1869)Flowers of ‘Catherine Mermet’ open a blush pink with lilac edges and change to soft beige as they mature. Inner petals often display yellow at the base. The double blossoms are 3 inches across and are borne singly or in small clusters on graceful stems. Their fragrance is strong and spicy. Leaves are copper colored when young, maturing to a medium green.
This rose is somewhat delicate, requiring nothing less than a warm, sunny spot and rich, well-drained soil. This rose is quite tender and is frequently grown in greenhouses. With an upright, arching habit, it is well suited for beds, borders, and specimen plantings. Flowers are excellent for cutting. Pruning should be restricted to removal of dead and weak, spindly canes. This rose is moderately disease resistant and heat tolerant.
‘Cecile Brünner’ Roses (Polyantha, Introduced – 1881)The small, exquisite, coral pink buds of ‘Cecile Brünner’ rose have made it the quintessential boutonniere flower. Growing in clusters, the flowers open into something like a hybrid tea blossom just 1-2 in (2.5 -5.1 cm) in diameter. The fragrance is light but distinctively spicy, and the stems are smooth and brownish purple. The thorns are few but sharp and hooked, to grab the careless. The foliage is a smooth dark green.
You’ll recognize this rose as soon as its buds start to open. These are the pink roses you’ve seen on old-fashioned valentines, and a spray of ‘Cecile Brunner’ “sweetheart roses” is still the ultimate romantic gesture. In addition to the original compact form of the shrub, there is also a climbing form, which in mild climates can reach a height of 20 ft (6 m). Both thrive in the Southeast and Southwest and flourish even in poor soils and partial shade.
‘Celestial’ Roses (Alba, Introduced – 1848)The 3 1/2-inch blooms of ‘Celestial’ rose are sweetly fragrant. Borne in clusters, flowers are semi-double and pale blush pink with golden stamens, and they are particularly attractive as the delicate petals unfurl. Flowering occurs in summer with no repeat. The soft blue-gray foliage provides an exquisite contrast to the flowers.
This vigorous rose requires a large space in the garden. Usually as wide as they are tall, the shrubs make outstanding specimens with their complementary flower and foliage tones. Plants are shade tolerant and require only moderate pruning; heavy pruning should be avoided.
‘Celina’ Roses (Moss, Introduced – 1855)Like others of this classification, the sepals covering the buds of ‘Celina’ bear a mossy growth that has a fir like scent. The buds open to large semi-double flowers in shades of mauve, pink, crimson, lavender, and purple. When fully open, the blooms reveal golden stamens. Canes are studded with long, sturdy prickles.
Suitable for beds and borders, ‘Celina’ rose has a tidy habit and a moderate height. This rose is a very hardy rose but has a tendency to get mildew late in the season.
‘Celine Forestier’ Roses (Noisette, Introduced – 1842)The flattened, very double flowers of ‘Celine Forestier’ are creamy yellow with darker peach or pink tones. Their petals form a quartered pattern and surround a green button eye. The intensely fragrant blooms usually occur in small clusters of three to four and are of very high quality. The plant is almost always in flower throughout the growing season. Foliage is light green.
This rose is not as vigorous or as large as most noisette roses, and it takes a while to become established. This rose performs best in southern climates, growing against a warm wall or trained as a small, free-flowering climber on a pillar or fence. This rose tolerates summer heat and humidity.
‘Celsiana’ Roses (Damask, Introduced – prior to 1750)This antique was supposed to be Dutch in origin and to have been introduced into France (then the rose capital of the world) in the mid-18th century by a Parisian nurseryman, Monsieur Cels. Whatever its background, this damask is an unusually elegant rose that bears semi double, light pink flowers with silky, ruffled petals, pretty golden stamens, and a wonderful damask fragrance. The contrast of the flowers with the cool, gray-green foliage is particularly pleasing. Like most of the damasks, this rose makes a tall shrub with arching canes. One of the damasks that performs well in the upper part of the Southeast, ‘Celsiana’ needs encouragement -good soil and a sunny, airy spot -if it is to remain healthy through the summer there.
‘Center Gold’ Roses (Miniature, Introduced – 1981)Originally introduced as a fund-raiser for the American Rose Center, the American Rose Society’s headquarters, ‘Center Gold’ rose has high-centered, deep yellow; very double 1-inch flowers with 60 petals and a spicy fragrance. This rose occasionally produces white flowers. Blooms appear one to a stem or in large sprays on 14- to 18-inch plants with glossy, textured leaves.
‘Centerpiece’ Roses (Miniature, Introduced – 1985)High-centered, velvety, 1- to 1 1/4-inch flowers with 35 petals have a slight fragrance and excellent substance, making them long lasting in the garden or as a cut flower. Flowers are deep to medium red; disease-resistant leaves are small, dark green, and semi-glossy. Plants grow 12 to 16 inches tall.
‘Centifolia Variegata’ Roses (Centifolia)’Centifolia Variegata’ is able to tolerate the heat and humidity of a southeastern summer.
Like most centifolia roses, ‘Centifolia Variegata’ has a rather open, rangy habit. This rose is best used as a pillar rose or trained along a horizontal fence or low wall. The large, richly fragrant blooms open creamy white with pink stripes, then fade to white with lilac stripes.
‘Century Two’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1971)Long, pointed buds open into medium pink, double, cupped, slightly fragrant flowers that are 5 inches across. The bushy, upright plants grow 4 to 5 feet tall, with leathery foliage and good winter hardiness. Plants are somewhat mildew prone.
‘Champlain’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1982)’Champlain’ rose is not only extraordinarily hardy, it’s also a remarkably generous shrub, producing clusters of rich, velvety red blossoms nearly continuously from early summer until the first hard frost of fall. Each of these blossoms is a doubled cup of petals with a tuft of golden stamens at the center. This rose would be a winner even if it weren’t so disease resistant and tough. Its only fault, if this is indeed a fault, is that this shrub is slow to make new growth, and is not an outstandingly vigorous grower.
‘Charles de Mills’ Roses (Gallica)Rounded, cup-shaped, quartered, 4 1/2 – inch blooms are packed with petals that look very much like crepe paper. Strongly perfumed flowers are deep red with purple overtones and a silvery lavender reverse. They bloom once a year on bushy; 4- to 5-foot, almost thorn-less plants.
‘Charlotte Armstrong’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1940)Named for a member of one of the original rose-growing families in the United States, ‘Charlotte Armstrong’ is pretty in its own right but most revered as the parent of many of today’s modern hybrid teas. The flowers are deep pink to light red with 35 petals, and measure 3 1/2 to 4 1/2 inches across. Blooms have a light tea fragrance and are loose and informal in shape. Plants can grow 5 to 6 feet tall and have dark green, leathery leaves.
‘Cherish’ Roses (Fliribunda, Introduced – 1980)The 3- to 4-inch double blossoms of ‘Cherish’ rose put out a light cinnamon fragrance and appear over a lengthy season. Borne both singly and in clusters of up to 20, the high-centered flowers are coral-apricot with a creamy white base. The spiraled buds open slowly, and the flowers are extremely long-lasting. New leaves are bronze red, turning very dark green and glossy with age.
The compact, symmetrical habit of the bush is somewhat spreading, making ‘Cherish’ an appropriate choice for beds and borders. This rose can also be used as a low hedge. Flowers are exceptional for cutting. Added to the long list of the rose’s virtues are good disease resistance and hardiness.
‘Cherokee Rose’ (Species, Introduced – 1759)Though of foreign origin, this rose is as much at home throughout the southeastern United States as were the people whose name it inherited. The Cherokee rose is almost evergreen in the warmer part of its range, and the glossy, dark green leaves are unusual in that each one has three leaflets, rather than the five or seven common among most roses. It flowers early, in April or May, bearing fragrant, single, white flowers 2 1/2 – 3 1/2 in (6.5-9.0 cm) across, with showy yellow stamens. These blossoms are succeeded by large, decorative red hips.
‘Chevy Chase’ Roses (Rambler, Introduced – 1939)This rambler has masses of small (1- to 2-inch), dark crimson-red, fragrant flowers with 65 petals that bloom in large clusters, once per season. Plants are vigorous, attaining heights of about 15 feet, and have soft, light green, wrinkled leaves.
‘Chicago Peace’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1962)This sport of ‘Peace’ was discovered by a gardener in her backyard in Chicago. There have been many sports of ‘Peace’, but this one is the best. Like its parent, this rose has large, 5- to 6-inch, high-centered flowers with about 60 petals. But instead of being primarily yellow; as ‘Peace’ is, the blooms are a blend of deep rose pink, light pink, and apricot, with yellow at the base of the petals. Bushes grow 4 1/2 to 5 1/2 feet tall and have leathery, dark green shiny leaves that are prone to black spot. On the plus side, ‘Chicago Peace’ is very winter hardy.
‘China Doll’ Roses (Polyantha, Introduced – 1946)This variety is perfect for containers or for low edges or borders, as it grows only 1 to 2 feet high. The large sprays of small (1- to 2-inch), fluffy, pure pink blooms with 24 petals can literally cover the mounded plant and bright green foliage.
‘Christian Dior’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1958)The formal, high-centered bud opens into a cupped, full, 4- to 6-inch flower with 50 to 60 petals. The clear, glowing, medium cherry red flowers can burn and turn black on the petal edges in hot, dry gardens, so it is best to grow ‘Christian Dior’ rose where there is afternoon shade. Plants grow 3 1/2 to 5 feet tall and have large, leathery semi-glossy leaves on almost thorn-less canes. Plants can be prone to mildew.
‘Chrysler Imperial’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1952)This rose created a sensation in 1952, and more than four decades later, it remains one of the best of its class. Its 4 1/2 – 5 in (11.5 – 12.8 cm) blossoms are double and deep red, with a velvety sheen and a strong citrus scent. Superb in a mixed border, ‘Chrysler Imperial’ also excels as a source of cut flowers.
This rose is best suited to regions with temperate winters and warm, dry summers. Where summers are cool, not only is ‘Chrysler Imperial’ prone to mildew, but the blossoms can take on an unattractive purplish tone.
‘Cinderella’ Roses (Miniature, Introduced – 1953)A truly miniature rose, ‘Cinderella’ grows on a scale small enough to fit into the crevices of a rock garden and is at home in a hanging basket or window box. The full, double blossoms are officially described as white, but in fact they have a rosy blush to them when they open and then pale as they age. Like the other popular classes of ever-bloomers, the miniature roses are often lacking in fragrance, but ‘Cinderella’ is an exception, for its blossoms have a robust, spicy perfume.
This rose’s diminutive stature should not discourage the owners of large properties from including it in their plantings. Used as an edging or set in the front of a flower border, ‘Cinderella’ rose has no trouble holding its own.
‘City of York’ Roses (Climber, Introduced – 1945)The semi-double cup-shaped blooms of ‘City of York’ are creamy white with yellow centers and are pleasantly fragrant. They appear once per season over a lengthy period in the spring in large clusters of seven to 15 flowers. Leaves are glossy and leathery.
This vigorous rose is very effective in the spring, when its abundant pale blooms create a dramatic contrast against lush, dark foliage. This rose is tolerant of partial shade and can be grown on a north wall. It’s also a good choice for a trellis.
‘Class Act’ Roses (Floribunda, Introduced – 1989)The long, pointed buds of ‘Class Act’ rose open into informal flowers of pure, bright white. The blooms, which have 20 to 25 petals and are 3 to 4 inches across, have a light fruity fragrance and may appear singly or in sprays. The 3- to 5-foot plants are naturally bushy and rounded, filled with dark green leaves that have excellent disease resistance. ‘Class Act’ rose is quite winter hardy as well.
‘Color Magic’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1978)As the flowers of ‘Color Magic’ mature, they change from ivory, to ivory tinged with light pink, to coral, and finally to dark pink. This color change is intensified by sunlight and high heat. The 5-inch-wide blooms with 20 to 30 petals are cupped when fully open, and are slightly fragrant. Bushes grow 3 1/2 to 4 feet tall and bear large, dark green, semi-glossy leaves that are fairly disease resistant. ‘Color Magic’ rose is extremely tender where winters are cold.
‘Command Performance’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1970)Flowers of ‘Command Performance’ are 4 inches across when fully open, and the 25 petals reflex (curl under) in such a way that the rose eventually takes on a star-shaped appearance. Flowers are orange-red sometimes suffused with blue, and are highly fragrant. Leathery foliage clothes the upright, bushy, 5- to 6-foot plants.
‘Common Moss’ Roses (Moss, Introduced – 1696)Commonly considered to be the first rose of this class, ‘Common Moss’ remains one of the best. The distinctive buds are appealing, overgrown with the mossy glands that give these roses their name, and when brushed they smell pleasantly of balsam. When the flowers open in late spring or early summer, they unfurl into clear pink, 3 in (7 .5 cm) bowls with button-eye centers. Their fragrance is strong and rich, a classic old-rose perfume. Their stems are arching and prickly, and the foliage of ‘Common Moss’ rose is dark green and roughly toothed along the edges.
‘Communis’ Roses (Moss, Introduced – late 1600’s)Considered by many to be the best moss rose, ‘Communis’ (also called ‘Common Moss’) produces mossy growths on its sepals, buds, and stems. Buds are rose pink, opening to pale pink, intensely fragrant double flowers that are 2 to 3 inches wide. Re-flexed petals surround a green button eye. The abundant foliage is medium green.
‘Communis’ plants are moderate growers with an arching habit; they are usually slightly taller than they are broad. The rose is well suited to beds and borders, and is both disease resistant and hardy.
‘Complicata’ Roses (Gallica)Although this rose blooms only in early summer, the display is spectacular. The single flowers are 5 inches across and appear along the entire length of each branch. Blooms are deep pink with a white eye and bright yellow stamens. Leaves are large and light green. Round, bright orange hips are produced in the fall.
Vigorous and easy to grow, this rose requires a good bit of space. This rose can be maintained as a shrub with a height of 5 feet and a spread of 6 to 8 feet, thanks to its arching canes. ‘Complicata’ rose makes an effective hedge and, if allowed, will reach 10 feet in height. This rose can also be trained as a climber. Poor soils, summer heat and humidity, and winter cold are all tolerated. The plant can become rampant.
‘Comte de Chambord’ Roses (Portland, Introduced – 1860)This popular Portland rose bears very full blossoms with as many as 200 petals. Large, fragrant, and quartered, with button-eye centers, the flowers of this rose open in shades of pink, mauve, and violet. ‘Comte de Chambord’ re-blooms unusually freely for a Portland rose, and in good soil and full sun it may remain in flower almost continuously. This, together with its compact size, makes it an excellent candidate for smaller gardens. ‘Comte de Chambord’ has an old-world charm that makes it ideal for a cottage garden. It also lends a special air of elegance to a perennial border.
‘Constance Spry’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1961)The first of David Austin’s English Roses, ‘Constance Spry’ rose was only a partial realization of the nurseryman’s dream. His goal (which he has since achieved) was to combine the classic form and beauty of the old garden roses with the ever-blooming habit of contemporary ones, but ‘Constance Spry’ rose blooms just once a season. Even so, this rose has been a great success, winning enduring popularity among a generation of gardeners with its large, cupped, double flowers. Ranging in color from pale to medium pink, these blossoms have the elegant form of an old rose -and the sweet fragrance, too.
Had the flowers been less appealing, ‘Constance Spry’ rose would certainly have won a following with its carefree, reliable nature. This rose just grows well. Its long canes can be contained through pruning, and this rose can be grown as a large-flowered specimen shrub. If allowed to stretch, this rose makes an outstanding, vigorous climber.
‘Cornelia’ Roses (Hybrid Musk, Introduced – 1925)Northern winters will not bother this rose, nor will southern summers. The long, arching canes of ‘Cornelia’ spread gracefully to make a large, attractive shrub, or they can be tied in while still young and trained along a fence or over an arch. If restrained by an annual pruning after the end of the first flush of blossoms, this rose will make a mound 5 ft (1.5 m) high and wide. As a climber, its canes may reach several feet more. In June, ‘Cornelia’ covers itself with clusters of small, very double and fragrant, apricot-pink flowers with gold stamens. The bloom continues well into fall.
‘Country Dancer’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1973)If your space for roses is limited and you want a single rose that will function as a practical, attractive landscape shrub and provide cut flowers for the house, ‘Country Dancer’ rose is the cultivar for you. Its fragrant, deep rose, semi-double flowers bloom all summer on a healthy shrub with glossy dark green leaves. The individual blossoms have an elegance and visual impact that makes them effective contributors to a floral arrangement, and as cut flowers they are unusually long-lasting. This rose’s compact size makes it ideal for smaller spaces.
‘Crested Moss’ Roses (Moss, Introduced – 1826)The buds of ‘Crested Moss’ (also called ‘Cristata’ and ‘Chapeau de Napoleon’) are uniquely beautiful, peeking through a set of large, deeply fringed, mossy-edged sepals. Open, the fragrant medium pink blooms are very double and cabbage like, ranging from 3 to 3 1/2 inches across. The bloom period is lengthy but not recurring. Foliage is abundant and light green.
This rose has a strong, upright form and arching canes, and can be grown as a medium-sized shrub in a bed or border or trained against a support. This rose is disease resistant and quite hardy.
‘Crimson Glory’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1935)’Crimson Glory’ produces pointed black-red buds and deep crimson velvety flowers with purple shading. Fully opened, the 3- to 4-inch blossoms are double with 30 to 35 petals and splendidly fragrant. Flower necks tend to be weak, allowing the blooms to nod.
The plant has a spreading, asymmetrical habit suitable for a bed or border. This rose produces blooms only on old wood and makes a fine specimen on an arbor or trellis where the nodding habit of its flowers is a viewing asset. Climbing form that grows 10 to 12 feet is also available. Both forms develop leathery dark green leaves and thrive in warm climates, but should be protected from the hottest sun if purple tones are objectionable.
‘Cuddles’ Roses (Miniature, Introduced – 1978)Oval buds open into deep coral-pink, very double, flowers with 55 to 60 petals. The flowers are high-centered, 1 to 1 1/2 inches across, and slightly fragrant. Excellent substance makes this a long-lasting flower. Compact plants grow 14 to 16 inches high.
‘Cupcake’ Roses (Miniature, Introduced – 1981)As pure pink as the icing on a cupcake, this variety has double, 1 1/2-inch, high-centered, mildly fragrant flowers with 45 to 50 petals. The 12- to 18-inch plants are neat, rounded, and compact with abundant shiny foliage, and good for containers.