Roses In Alphabetical Order ‘A’
‘Abraham Darby’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1985)One parent of ‘Abraham Darby’ is the climbing hybrid tea ‘Aloha’, so although this rose may be maintained as a large shrub, with a little training it will also perform well as a climber. Its large, double, cupped, apricot-pink flowers suffused with yellow will cover a trellis or wall and perfume your garden.
Like most English roses, ‘Abraham Darby’ combines an old-fashioned look and fragrance with the ever-blooming habit of a modern rose. It’s a good choice for temperate parts of the Northeast and Midwest, and a superb one in the Mid-Atlantic states, Pacific Northwest, and Southwest.
‘Admiral Rodney’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1973)The flowers of ‘Admiral Rodney’ are soft, pale rose-pink, with a deeper coloration on the reverse sides of the petals. The highly fragrant blooms of this variety are 4 to 6 inches across, with 45 petals and an exquisite high-centered form. Large, glossy, dark green foliage resists most rose diseases except rust. Plants grow about 4 feet tall and exhibit good winter hardiness. This variety is at its best during its first flush of bloom.
‘Alba Maxima’ Roses (Alba, Introduced – prior to 1867)The flowers of this rose are relatively small- 2 1/2 – 3 in (6.3 – 7.5cm) in diameter -but full, packed with as many as 200 petals, and they carry a truly heady perfume. Like all albas, this cultivar is once-blooming, but it provides color later in the season with a crop of attractive hips.
A favorite subject of the Renaissance painters, this rose gained notoriety as the symbol of Britain’s exiled Stuart kings. Today this long-cultivated rose remains popular not only for its beauty but also for its hardiness and ability to thrive under difficult growing conditions, including partial shade.
‘Alba Meidiland’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1989)White with a hint of pink, the continually flowering 2-inch double blooms of ‘Alba Meidiland’ rose appear in small clusters on plants that grow 2 feet high and spread 6 feet wide. Useful as a ground cover or in a massed planting, this shrub rose has small, dark green foliage.
‘Alba Semi-Plena’ Roses (Alba, Introduced – prior 1600)’Alba Semi-Plena’ rose is also known as the White Rose of York. Its semi-double white flowers are 2 1/2 inches across with prominent golden stamens, and they produce a powerful old garden fragrance. Borne in clusters, flowers appear in mid-season and do not repeat. Elongated orange-red hips appear in late summer and fall. The foliage is gray-green.
With sturdy, arching canes that develop a vase-shaped form, ‘Alba Semi-Plena’ can be grown as a freestanding shrub for a specimen or for use in borders, or it can be trained as a climber on a wall, a trellis, or a fence. Like other alba roses, this rose tolerates some shade and is quite hardy and disease resistant.
‘Alberic Barbier’ Roses (Rambler, Introduced – 1900)Clusters of shapely yellow buds of ‘Alberic Barbier’ open to creamy white flowers with a yellow blush. Semi- double and double blossoms are 2 to 3 inches across and bear a moderate, fruity fragrance. Plants flower heavily in early summer and may repeat, although not reliably, in the fall. Glossy dark leaves are almost evergreen and are carried on purplish canes.
This easy-to-grow rambler requires a lot of space, since canes may grow 20 feet in a single season. This rose can be trained on fences or pillars, or may be used to cover a building, especially in areas where mildew is not a problem. Tied canes often produce lateral stems that arc downward for a graceful display. This rose can also be used as a ground cover. ‘Alberic Barbier’ is extremely disease resistant and tolerates light shade and hot, dry climates.
‘Albertine’ Roses (Rambler, Introduced – 1921)The buds of ‘Albertine’ open to bright orange-pink double blooms that are golden at the base. Produced in abundant clusters in summer, the cupped, fragrant flowers put on a spectacular show that endures for about 3 weeks. As the blooms age, they fade to a soft blush pink. Leaves are glossy green with coppery red tones. Canes bear numerous hooked prickles.
This vigorous rambler is fast growing and easily trained to a trellis, pergola, or arbor. This rose can also be grown as a freestanding shrub. The rose may be prone to mildew after flowering, but it is otherwise disease resistant.
‘Alchymist’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1956)The breeder of this rose didn’t start with lead, but he did produce true gold, something the old-time alchemists could only dream of: tall and rangy, ‘Alchymist’ may be grown as a shrub or a fountain of arching canes, or this rose can be tied in as a climber to shinny up a pillar. The flowers, as the name suggests, have golden over-tones, but the yellow is mixed with apricot to give the blossoms a luscious warmth. The flowers are quartered -the petals arranged in a cruciform -which gives them an old-fashioned look, and the shrub behaves like an antique, flowering heavily in early summer but very little or not at all subsequently. Like all the Kordes shrubs, this one is notably cold hardy.
‘Alec’s Red’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1970)One of the common criticisms of hybrid tea roses is that their flowers lack fragrance. ‘Alec’s Red’ proves that this isn’t necessarily true. Its heavily scented flowers are crimson to cherry in color and very large, up to 6 in (15cm) across, and full (45 petals). Stockier than most hybrid teas, this rose can, with some attention to pruning, make a fine border specimen, especially in cool climates where the growth tends to be more compact. In warmer regions, its upright, vigorous growth makes it best suited to training against a wall or up a fence or pillar.
‘Alfred de Dalmas’ Roses (Moss, Introduced – 1855)Sometimes incorrectly confused with a similar rose called ‘Mousseline’, this variety has double, pale pink, fragrant 1- to 2-inch flowers that bleach to white in the hot sun and bloom in clusters. Compact, sprawling plants grow 2 to 3 feet tall, have a multitude of thorns, and show some, but not prolific, repeat bloom.
‘All That Jazz’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1990)’All That Jazz’ rose has an outstanding and prolific flowering effect against glossy, dark green foliage that is very disease resistant. The open flowers have 12 petals and are 5 to 6 inches across. They are a coral-salmon blend with a moderate damask fragrance. Plants grow upright to 5- feet in height.
‘Aloha’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1949)The cup-shaped blossoms of ‘Aloha’ are double or very double, 3 to 5 inches wide, and very fragrant. They appear in abundance both early in the season and again in the fall, with fairly good production in between. Petals are a clear rose pink on the inside, with a darker pink reverse; centers are shaded a warm orange-pink. Foliage is dark, glossy, and leathery.
Although it’s classed as a climber, this rose can be grown as an upright shrub. Or, the nodding habit of its blooms can be shown to advantage growing over a wall, where they can be viewed from below. As a compact climber, it’s a good choice for growing on a pillar. Flowers are excellent for cutting.
‘Altissimo’ Roses (Climber, Introduced – 1966)The large, single flowers of ‘Altissimo’ are 4 to 5 inches across, with seven velvety, deep blood red petals surrounding bright yellow stamens. Blooms occur in small clusters and sometimes singly on both old and new growth, beginning in summer and repeating throughout the season. Although they have only a light scent, the blossoms last a long time without fading, and they make beautiful cut flowers. Leaves are large and dark green.
While generally classed as a climber that is suitable for growing on pillars, fences, and trellises, ‘Altissimo’ rose can also be grown as a tall, freestanding shrub with an upright habit. This rose is vigorous, heat tolerant, and disease resistant.
‘American Pillar’ Roses (Rambler, Introduced – 1902)The five-petaled single blossoms of ‘American Pillar’ are carmine-pink with white centers and golden stamens. Erupting once in midsummer, they are produced in large clusters that almost cover the entire plant. Flowers have no scent. Leaves are leathery, large, and dark green; canes are green and prickly.
The plant is very vigorous, growing to 20 feet, and is best used for climbing on a fence or arbor. Like other ramblers, this rose may be subject to mildew.
‘America’ Roses (Climber, Introduced – 1976)Named to honor the United States bicentennial, ‘America’ produces 3 1/2 – to 5-inch double blossoms in great profusion throughout the season. Flowers are coral colored with high centers and are usually borne in clusters; their fragrance is strong and spicy. Foliage is semi-glossy, dark, and leathery.
Plants are upright and bushy, and are suitable for training on pillars, fences, and walls. Flowers, produced on both new and old shoots, can be cut for long-lasting indoor arrangements. ‘America’ rose is easy to grow, disease resistant, and hardy.
‘Anabell’ Roses (Floribunda, Introduced – 1972)The fragrant, showy, 3- to 4-inch blooms of ‘Anabell’ rose are rich orange-salmon blended with silver; flowers have 30 petals and a classic hybrid tea rose shape. They bloom all summer in large sprays, on neat and tidy plants that grow 2 to 3 feet high. Plants are disease resistant and winter hardy.
‘Angel Face’ Roses (Floribunda, Introduced – 1968)The pointed buds of ‘Angel Face’ open to 4-inch double flowers whose ruffled, lavender-mauve petals surround golden stamens. Cup-shaped or flat, the flowers are produced almost continuously throughout the growing season in sprays that include all stages of bloom from bud to fully open. They have a strong, fruity fragrance and are well displayed against lustrous dark green foliage. They are outstanding as cut flowers.
Growing only 2 to 3 feet, ‘Angel Face’ is dense and compact with a somewhat spreading habit, making it useful as a low hedge or in beds and borders. Although plants are fairly disease resistant, they can be troubled by black spot and mildew in some areas.
‘Apricot Nectar’ Roses (Floribunda, Introduced – 1965)The cup-shaped flowers of ‘Apricot Nectar’ appear in clusters of three or more throughout the growing season. The double 4- to 4 1/2 -inch blooms are an exotic blend of apricot and pink with golden centers. Their fruity, apricot like fragrance is intense. The leaves are dark green, leathery, and glossy.
Plants are very vigorous, bushy, and compact. Their extended flowering display makes them useful in beds or borders, singly or massed. Although resistant to some diseases, they are susceptible to black spot.
‘Aquarius’ Roses (Grandiflora, Introduced – 1971)Considered by many to be one of the very best grandiflora roses, ‘Aquarius’ flowers freely from spring until frost, producing small sprays of up to five double blooms that are lightly fragrant. Buds are dark pink, opening to blended medium pink-and-white 4-inch flowers with high centers. Foliage is large and leathery.
Plants are urn shaped, upright, and vigorous. They are well suited to beds and borders, and flowers are ideal for cutting. This rose is extremely disease resistant.
‘Archduke Charles’ Roses (China, Introduced – prior to 1837)The fascination of this China rose lies in its changeable flower color: the full flowers open with crimson outer petals and white or pale pink centers that darken gradually to a solid, rich crimson. The rate of this color change depends on the intensity of the sun, with the petals darkening faster in strong sunlight. As buds open one after another on ‘Archduke Charles’, the same bush may sport flowers in a selection of different colors.
‘Arizona’ Roses (Grandiflora, Introduced – 1975)Like the colors of a desert sunset, the flowers of ‘Arizona’ rose are a warm blend of bronze orange and golden yellow. The high-centered blooms have 25 to 30 petals, are 2 to 4 inches across, and have a strong, sweet fragrance. Tall, upright plants grow 5 to 6 feet high and have glossy, bright green, leathery leaves that contrast nicely with the flowers. However, they are stingy bloomers and are somewhat winter tender.
‘Assiniboine’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1962)This is a rose for northern gardeners, especially Canadians of the prairie provinces, who can claim this introduction from the Morden Research Station in Manitoba as one of their own. ‘Assiniboine’ doesn’t need to appeal to patriotism, however, for gardeners south of the border will be just as appreciative of this hardy, healthy, reliable shrub that survives intense cold unprotected. Its only fault (if it can be called one) is that the re-bloom is intermittent; this shrub blooms in surges rather than continuously. While not as showy as the blossoms of the typical hybrid tea, the flowers are definitely worth waiting for. They are large, semi-double, and wine red.
‘Ausburn’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1986)’Ausburn’ (also known as ‘Robbie Burns’) is a diminutive modern shrub rose with small, single flowers, each having five petals. Like many of the English roses bred by David Austin, this rose is reminiscent of older rose types, with a commanding fragrance and an old-fashioned character. The blooms are light pink with a white center, and the small leaves are a medium matte green.
The small size of this rose makes it a useful addition to beds and borders, where it can be used in the foreground. This rose is very effective planted in groups.
‘Autumn Damask’ Roses (Damask, Introduced – ancient)This very old rose produces abundant, richly fragrant blossoms in spring followed by scattered blooms throughout summer and fall. Flowers are 3 1/2 inches across, clear pink with deeper centers, and double. This rose is also known as ‘Quatre Saisons’ and has been used in breeding both the bourbons and the hybrid perpetuals. Foliage is light gray-green.
Plants are vigorous, of medium height, with a spreading habit. They are quite hardy and tolerate pruning better than most damask roses. The long flowering season makes a valuable contribution to beds or borders, and the powerful wine fragrance of the blooms is useful for making potpourri.
‘Autumn Delight’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1933)Hybrid musk. Single, fragrant, white, 3-inch flowers have red stamens and are borne in large clusters all summer on 4- to 5-foot plants.
‘Avandel’ Roses (Miniature, Introduced – 1977)Pointed pink buds open into double yellow flowers blended with peach and pink. Blooms have 20 to 25 petals and measure 1 to 1 1/2 inches across, with open flowers being flat to cup shaped. They repeat well all summer and have a strong, fruity fragrance. Bushy plants grow 12 inches high and are extremely winter hardy. The disease-resistant leathery foliage is medium to dark green.