Apple Extract Does Not Improve Flow-mediated Vasodilation in Subjects with Borderline or Mild Hypertension

Elevated blood pressure (BP) or hypertension causes endothelial dysfunction and increases the risk of coronary heart disease. In experimental models, epicatechin (a flavan-3-ol flavonoid) has been shown to have cardioprotective effects by activating endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and improving endothelial function. The purpose of this single-center, repeated-dose, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study was to test the hypothesis that an apple (Malus

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Almond Intake Protects against HDL Decreases in Normal-Weight Subjects on a Cholesterol-lowering Diet

Reduced saturated fat intake is associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, but this dietary change may also cause lower levels of “good” high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. A previous study, the 2005 OmniHeart Trial, found that a diet with higher unsaturated fat intake prevented decreases in HDL cholesterol compared to diets with higher carbohydrate or protein intake levels even though

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Friends of Forest Farming

As armies of amateur wildcrafters pluck Appalachian ginseng, goldenseal, and other medicinal herbs to near extinction, a coalition of universities, nonprofits, and “forest farmers” are working on a solution that will not only help preserve these wild herbs but also prevent supplement adulteration. The Appalachian Beginning Forest Farmer Coalition includes Virginia Tech, Penn State, and North Carolina State University; the

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Pantry Profile: Basil {Ocimum basilicum}

Bright green, tall, and aromatic, basil is a beauty. An ancient plant with a long history and strange folklore, its sweet, peppery flavor has been used for centuries in cuisine and medicine. Basil is native to Africa and Southeast Asia and was eventually cultivated in the Middle East and the Mediterranean. Roman scholar Pliny the Elder described basil’s {now well-known}

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Pantry Profile: Chives {Allium schoenoprasum}

With its bright green stalks and vibrant, lavender-pink and spiky blossoms, chives are a lovely ornamental plant and herb garden staple. Found fresh in the yard in summer and dried in cupboards in the cooler months of fall and winter, chives hold surprising medicinal and nutritional benefits. A member of the Amaryllidaceae family {Amaryllis}, which includes familiar alliums garlic and

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Reading Plant Tags for Garden Success

It was love at first sight. You were strolling down the aisles of your local nursery, minding your own business, when something wonderful caught your eye. It wasn’t just any plant – it was the perfect plant for your garden. Your hand reached out to grasp your new treasure. Holding it close as you headed toward the checkout aisle, you

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ABC-AHP-NCNPR Botanical Adulterants Prevention Program Published Bulletin on Boswellia Resin Adulteration

Bulletin focuses on adulteration and substitution of boswellia with resins from related species AUSTIN, Texas (June 10, 2018) — The ABC-AHP-NCNPR Botanical Adulterants Prevention Program (BAPP) has released a Botanical Adulterants Bulletin on boswellia (Boswellia serrata, Burseraceae) oleogum resin,* commonly referred to as Indian frankincense. Boswellia has been valued for its fragrance and medicinal properties for millennia. Following the release of the turmeric bulletin in

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